Valmiki Ashram -Valmeki Nagar
Valmeki Nagar Road/10Km
Valmeki Vihar, Valmeki Nagar,
Phone : 06251-256504
Click : valmikiresearch.com
Park in Nepal. BhagwanValmeki had written the great epic, “Ramayana”, here. Various points of interest around the ashram are: Birthplace of Luv & Kush (the two sons of Lord Ram and his divine wife- Sita); Sita’s ‘Falahar’ eating place; Meditation place of the great Bhagwan Valmeki; the place where the Ashwamedh horse was tied;
Valmeki Nagar : Formally known as BHAINSA LOTAN, it is a famous tourist spot where a dam is built on the river Gandak (Gandak Project). This dam and its channels are the lifeline of north-western part of Bihar. This channel also irrigates some portions of eastern U.P. This dam is alsogenerating hydro-electricity. This dam has been handed over to the nation by late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru the then Prime Minister. For any tourist interested in exploring natural beauty, a visit to the sylvan surroundings of Valmilki Nagar is a must, where the gushing streams of Gandak break the ascetic calm of the Himalayan foothills.
Bhainsalotan is also famous
for Valmeki Ashram where Maharshi Valmeki, the author of the
Ramayan is said to have passed some years. Lord Shiva
temple, constructed by Bettiah Raj and ancient
Shiv-Parvati temple is also situated here
Valmeki National Park Valmekinagar is located nearly 100 kms from Bettiah in the northernmost part of the West Champaran district, bordering Nepal. It is a small town with scattered inhabitation, mostly within the forest area and a railroad station in the district of West Champaran close to the railhead of Narkatiyaganj. The overall climate of Valmekinagar is pleasant. It lies on longitude: 83°- 0' East to 84°- 41’ East and latitude: 27°- 3’ North to 27°- 10’ North. Its Altitude is about 125m to 88m above Mean Sea Level (M.S.L.). The summer is from March to June, while the Rainy season is July to September. The pleasant winter months are November to February. The temperature in Valmekinagar is Minimum 8° C and Maximum 36° C. The rainfall is about 1461.2 mm to 2053.3 mm. After covering 30 kms from Bagaha one enters Valmeki Tiger reserves forest at Rampur, and confronts the tack, which is broken and undulating, often showing highly fragile geological formations. As a result there are step ravines, knife-edge ridges and precipitous walls formed by landslips and sol-erosion. The road nearly 30 kms runs through the forest leading to Gandak barrage. The great Gandak and Masan rivers collect all the water from numerous, tortuous tributaries. The hill system is a continuation of the Shiwalik Range, largely made of imperfectly compacted and ill formed sandstone dotted with pebbles and boulders. Valmeki sanctuary covering approximately 800 sq km of forest and is the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country and ranked fourth with density of Tiger population. Adjacent to the sanctuary in the forest in Chitwan National Park of Nepal, lies the historic Valmeki Ashram and surrounding temples. The place has the major religious and historical attraction of the Valmeki Ashram. Although it is located in Nepal, but one has to travel through the forests of Valmeki nagar to reach the Ashram, and that is through India. Even the Nepalese have to travel through Valmeki nagar, in India to reach the Ashram. Valmeki Ashram is located at a distance of about 7 kms from Valmeki nagar, the Gandak barrage, in the deep forest of Chitwan National
Amrit Kuan; Vishnu Chakra; Gagristhan and the Hawan Kund. Various temples, which are located in the periphery of 3 - 4 kms around the Valmeki Ashram, are the Jatashankar Temple, Nardevi Temple and Kaleshwar Temple, surrounded by green forest in the backdrop of the Himalayan Mountains. Triveni Temple is located across the Gandak barrage in the Nepal territory at a motorable distance of 2-3 kms from Gandak barrage. Apart from the natural beauty, it offers a lot to the tourists who are basically the adventure seekers and nature lovers. The peaceful environment of variety of activities in which the tourists of different age groups having different tastes can engage themselves. With Valmeki nagar as base, a tourist can find expression to his nomadic instincts by visiting a number of places, the grandeur and beauty of which are bound to make one experience the heights of ecstasy. Archaeologically rich places in and around Valmekinagar are Lauriya Nandan Garh and Someshwar Fort. There is a lion pillar of Ashoka at Lauriya Nandan Garh, which is a single block of polished sand stone. The pillar is 32’- 9.5” in height with a diameter of 35.5” at the base and 26.2” at the top. This pillar is over 2000 year old and in excellent condition. Nandan Garh is a huge mound composed of bricks and is about 80 feet high. According to the authoritative source, it is an Ashoka Stupa, in which ashes of Lord Buddha’s funeral pyre are enshrined. Someshwar Fort is situated in Narkatiyaganj sub-division, near Nepal border, on top of Someshwar Hill at 2884 ft. above M.S.L. It is in a ruined state but its remains are well defined. Close to Valmeki nagar is Triveni, which is a holy place for Hindus. The name is derived from the fact that three river, namely – Naraini, Sohna and Pachnad- merge here, to form Gandak, soon after they emerge from the hills. Triveni is also believed to be the site at which the fight commenced between the Lords of Forest and Water (Gaj and Grah or the Elephant and the Crocodile). The main fauna of Valmeki Tiger Reserve consists of Tiger, Leopard, Fishing Cat, Chital, Sambar, Hog Deer, Black Buck, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Langur and Rhesus Monkey, while the flora consists of Sal (Shorea robusta), Asan, Karama, Semal, Khair, Cane (Calamus tenuis), Jamun.
The description of the grandeur of Dev Ghat shrine abounds in
Puranas. The confluence of all Gandaki rivers, Dev Ghat shrine
lies in the proximity of famous tourist zone Chitwan. Cave of
Bhagwan Valmeki and the small hut where Divine mother Sita
stayed, temples, ashrams, and Sanskrit schools that abound here
have further embellished the beauty of the shrine. The special
significance lies in taking bath in the river on Makar Sankranti
– the very day when the shrine gets crowded because of the
The place of confluence of Kali Gandaki, Trishuli and Narayani
River, Triveni is the holy shrine where Gajendra (great
elephant) was redeemed from the cycles of births. Famous also
because of the holy Ashram of Bhagwan Valmeki, Triveni’s
historicity and antiquity can be experienced even today, which
is so astonishing…
According to legends this was the ashram of Bhagwan Valmeki and Sita had stayed here
during Vanvaas. It was this place where she
gave birth to Luv and Kush, the two sons of
Lord Rama. Several bricks bearing religious
imprints have been found around the ashram.
According to local myth, this place was
protected by five Devas (Gods), One of the
deva is at the centre of the ashram while
the remaining four protected the other four
Janakpur is another reputable religious city from the lap of which Mother Sita is believed to have born. Situated at eastern south of Nepal, the Mithila capital is the place from where Lord Ramchandra and Mother Sita bound themselves in the marital knot. The pilgrimage remains incomplete if one misses to visit the palatial temple of Lord Ram and Sita. Millions of Hindu devotees visit the shrine on the occasion of Ram Nawami and Vivaha Panchami.
National Park of Nepal and Valmeki
National Park of India
are located just beside each other in
the area of Valmeki Nagar around
the Gandak Barrage. The park encompasses
an area of 932 km²and is the oldest
national park of Nepal established in
Valmeki National Park-INDIA
The Valmeki National Park is spread across a core area of 335.64 sq.km of more than 800 sq.km. of the Valmeki Sanctuary located in the West Champaran district of Bihar. Valmeki was established as the 18th tiger reserve in 1990. The Government of Biha r, in 1978 declared an area of 464.60 sq. km., which now forms the Reserve as Wildlife Sanctuary and national park in 1989. Later on, in 1990, about 419.18 sq. km. was added to the Sanctuary, totalling to 880.78 sq. km.
The park is bounded by the Royal Chitwan National Park of Nepal in the north and the river Gandak on the western side with the Himalayan Mountains as a backdrop. Adjacent to the sanctuary, in the forests in Chitwan National Park of Nepal, is the historic Valmeki Ashram.
The park consists of moist sal bearing forests, dry sal bearing forests, moist mixed deciduous forests without sal, cane and tropical seasonal swamp forests containing reed beds and wet grasslands. The one-horned rhinoceros and Indian bison often migrate from Chitwan to Valmeki Nagar. The forest here is a mix of extensive Savannah lands and swamp forests. The forest in the sanctuary is rich in Bhabar-Dun sal, dry Siwalik sal, khair and cane. The extensive forest area of Valmeki Nagar was owned by the Bettiah Raj and Ramanagar Raj until early 1950s.
Places of interest: The Asoka Stupa, the Bawan Garhi and the Someshwar Fort are replete with tales of the past. Triveni where the three rivers Gandak, Sonha and Pachanad merge, not long after they emerge from the hills, is said to be another attraction.
Animals: Tiger, black buck, sloth bear, wolf, various species of deer, leopard, python, peafowl, chitals, sambars, nilgais, leopards, hyenas, Indian civets, jungle cats, hog deer and wild dogs. One-horned rhinoceros and Indian bison often migrate from Chitwan to Valmeki Nagar.
Best time: Between October and June
Where to stay: There are a number of rest houses of the Irrigation Department available.
Air: The nearest airport is at Patna at a distance of 295km.
Rail: The nearest railhead Valmeki Nagar is 5 km from the park.
Road: There are bus services from Valmeki Nagar to Bettiah ( 80km) the nearest town.
Valmeki Tiger Reserve is located in the northernmost part of the West Champaran district of the Indian state of Bihar. The tract is broken and undulating, often showing highly fragile geological formations. As a result, there are steep ravines, knife-edge ridges and precipitous walls formed by landslips and soil erosion.
The great Gandak and the Masan rivers collect all the water from the numerous, tortuous tributaries. These rivers and streams keep changing course from side to side, facilitated by the erosion-prone sandy and immature soil of the banks. Seasonal rivers like Panchanad, Manor, Bhapsa and Kapan display the peculiar behaviour of erosion at one place and deposition of transported soil at another place.
The hill system is a continuation of the Shiwalik Range, largely made of imperfectly compacted and ill-formed sandstone dotted with pebbles and boulders. Owing to the fragile nature of the parent rock material, the soil produced at the foothill is immature, loose sand and display sheet. The menace is further aggravated by maltreatment of the forests by people in general, frequent fires and heavy grazing.
Valmeki is the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country and the second in Bihar. The core area of the Reserve was declared as a National Park in 1989. Government of Bihar had notified 464.60 sq. km. area as Valmeki Wildlife Sanctuary in 1978. Later on, in 1990, an area of 419.18 sq. km. was added to the Sanctuary. Thus, the Valmeki Wildlife Sanctuary embraces a total area of 880.78 sq. km.
Lauriya Nanadan Garh: There is lion pillar of Ashoka, which is a single block of polished sand stone, 32’-9.5” in height with a diameter of 35.5” at the base and 26.2” at the top. The pillar is over 2000 years old and in excellent condition. Nandan Garh is a huge mound composed of bricks and is about 80 feet high. According to an authoritative source, it is an Ashoka Stupa in which ashes of Lord Buddha’s funeral pyre are enshrined.
A name meaning 52 forts. It is also known as Tripan Bazar. The remains of 52 forts and Tripan Bazar are at Darubari.
Someshwer Fort: Someshwar Fort is situated in the Narkatiagani sub-division, near the Nepal border, on top of the Someshwar hill at 2884 ft. above msl. It is in a ruined state but its remains are well defined.
A holy place of the Hindus. The name is derived from the fact that three rivers (Gandak, Sonha and Pachanad) merge here soon after they emerge from the hills. Triveni is also believed to be the site at which the fight commenced between the Lords of Forest and Water (the Elephant and Crocodile).
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